The Institute of Geotechnics of SAS was founded on November 22nd 1954 by the Resolution of The SAS Presidium No.XII as the Commission for Mining (1954).

The Commission for Mining was transformed by the Resolution of The SAS Presidium No.XI on November 21st 1955 to Cabinet of Mining (1955).

Based on the Resolution of The SAS Presidium No.I from December 10th 1956 valid from January 1st 1957, the name was changed to the Laboratory of Mining (1957).

The Resolution of The SAS Presidium No.I from November 5th 1962 with effect from January 1st 1963 changed the name to Institute of Mining of SAS (1963).

On December 31st 1966 the Institute was dismissed by the Resolution of the SAS Presidium No.III from September 28th and the specification and staff were incorporated to newly founded Institute of the Rock Properties of SAS (1966).

The institute was renamed by the Resolution of The SAS Presidium No.1080 from November 25th 1975 to the Mining Institute of SAS (1976).

After the Resolution of The SAS Presidium No.290 from April 29th 1993 with effect from May 1st 1993, the name was changed to the Institute of Geotechnics of SAS (1993).
Basic research area of the renamed institute has been changed within the main mission, in terms of progress and social demands. The main scope aimed initially at the mining activities (exploitation and mineral resources processing). Mining has been a industry with long history and major tradition in Slovakia. The inhibition of mining (i.e. elimination of many branches and sites) after the formation of Slovak republic in 1993 have reflected also in scientific focus of the Institute of Geotechnics which had to react to such conditions by changing several scientific activities. Hence the institute focuses on other branches besides mining, such as environmental protection in industrial areas; working environment hygiene; environmental monitoring in urban agglomerations, protected landscape areas and cave systems; in motorway tunnels construction; applications of biotechnologies in soil decontamination from oil products; clean coal technologies; utilization of ferromagnetic fluids and mineral biotechnologies in environmental pollution elimination; phytoenergetics.